Spinal cord injury

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What is a spinal cord injury?

The spinal cord acts as the primary conductor “cable” essential for bodily motor functions; it also provides sensations as well as their origins within the body. It is part of the central nervous system and is located within the spine, protected by the vertebrae. Paralysis occurs when the conductor cable is damaged, causing a break in communication between the brain and body. This is what is referred to as a spinal cord injury or lesion.

Spinal cord injury can be the result of a traumatic event, when caused by a fall, diving accident, a car accident, etc. It can also be non-traumatic in origin, for example when a cancer or other disease is the cause.


The spinal cord is extremely fragile. It is comparable to a ripe raspberry, we must handle it with care.

Did you know that?


The spinal cord acts as the primary conductor used to control your body's motor functions as well as providing sensations and their origins.

Did you know that?

The most common causes of spinal cord injuries

2011 and 2012

0% 44% of spinal cord injuries are caused by falls
0% 39% from motor vehicle accidents
0% 15% from other accidents (sport, blunt object, etc.)
0% 2% resulted from the consequences of aggression.

Spinal cord injuries in every day life

Spinal cord injuries affect people of all ages and can happen to anyone. In Canada, it is estimated that over 85 550 people live with spinal cord injuries. Over 4,250 new cases are diagnosed each year. This greatly affects their autonomy, personal esteem, their development in a living environment adapted to their disability and social inclusion. In Canada, people with disabilities have a lower than average total income as compared to the rest of Canadians, $ 27,057 compared to 35 $ 860. To this is added the many financial obligations tied to their disability.


In Quebec, approximately 63% of people with spinal cord injuries have no financial support for the adaptation of their homes and for access to home services.


In Canada, it is estimated that over 85 550 people living with spinal cord injury.


In Canada, people with disabilities have an average total income significantly lower than the rest of Canadians.

What is Paraplegia?

This is paralysis and loss of sensation in the lower limbs. It is linked to a lesion at the bottom of the spine.

What is a quadriplegia?

This is paralysis and loss of sensitivity of the four limbs and trunk. It is linked to a lesion situated towards the top of the spine, as in cervical vertebrae, for example.

Revealing statistics

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